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Frozen shoulder also known as Adhesive Capsulitis is a disorder characterized by pain and loss of motion or stiffness in the shoulder. It is very common in females.

Causes of frozen shoulder are:

  • Common with diabetic patients
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Parkinson’s’ disease
  • Injury or surgery done before

The common symptoms of frozen shoulder are:

  • Pain in shoulder
  • Restricted movement of shoulder joint

There are 3 stages and they are:

  1. Freezing stage: It is for a duration of 6 to 9 weeks and the patient develops slow onset of pain
  2. Frozen stage: It is for duration of 4 to 9 months and the patients feels an increase in the pain and stiffness of shoulder.
  3. Thawing stage: In this stage, the movement of shoulder begins to improve and becomes normal.

The investigations done are X Ray, CT scan and MRI scan.

The aim of the physiotherapists is to reduce pain, make postural movement and early movement of the shoulder.

The treatment procedure includes:

  • Modalities : Inter Ferential Therapy (IFT), Ultrasound Therapy, Wax therapy and Short Wave Diathermy (SWD)
  • Exercises: Strengthening and stretching exercises.

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