Frozen shoulder also known as Adhesive Capsulitis is a disorder characterized by pain and loss of motion or stiffness in the shoulder. It is very common in females.
Causes of frozen shoulder are:
- Common with diabetic patients
- Parkinson’s’ disease
- Injury or surgery done before
The common symptoms of frozen shoulder are:
- Pain in shoulder
- Restricted movement of shoulder joint
There are 3 stages and they are:
- Freezing stage: It is for a duration of 6 to 9 weeks and the patient develops slow onset of pain
- Frozen stage: It is for duration of 4 to 9 months and the patients feels an increase in the pain and stiffness of shoulder.
- Thawing stage: In this stage, the movement of shoulder begins to improve and becomes normal.
The investigations done are X Ray, CT scan and MRI scan.
The aim of the physiotherapists is to reduce pain, make postural movement and early movement of the shoulder.
The treatment procedure includes:
- Modalities : Inter Ferential Therapy (IFT), Ultrasound Therapy, Wax therapy and Short Wave Diathermy (SWD)
- Exercises: Strengthening and stretching exercises.