The word Hemi refers to half and plegia refers to paralysis. So the term means paralysis of half side of the body. It is caused by damage/disease affecting the motor nerve tracts in the opposite side of the brain. A common cause is a stroke. This can affect either side of the body.
Hemiplegia can happen before, during or after the birth of the child. The condition can be congenital/acquired.
Hemiplegia is a term used to describe paralysis, severe weakness, rigid movements of either left/right side of the body. It is also associated with limited use of hand, balance issues, speech and visual problems.
The main cause of hemiplegia is brain damage as the result of disrupted blood flow. This can occur at birth, may occur after birth as a result of stroke, CP, traumatic injury.
- Infections like Encephalitis, Meningitis, and Tuberculosis.
- Cerebral Tumor
- Cerebral abscess
- Depressed fracture
- Multiple sclerosis
- Post epileptic paralysis
- Motor weakness/Developmental delay
- Stiffness of the limbs
- Weakness of the limbs
- Difficulty in walking
- Poor balance while sitting/standing/walking
- Sensory impairment
- Speech/visual problems
- Learning difficulties
- History of convulsion
- History of coma
- CT Scan
- Blood for electrolyte values including calcium, blood urea, ketone, culture.
- Stretching exercise
- Strengthening exercise
- Sitting balance
- Standing balance
- Weight bearing exercises
- Gait training – Walking, Climbing, Cycling
- Splints (AFO/Gaiters/Knee braces)
- Slings (Shoulder arm pouch)