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A hernia occurs when the contents of the intestine or the abdomen protrude out through a wall that contains it.

Types of Hernia:

  1. Inguinal Hernia:

The most common type in Hernia is Inguinal Hernia which is present in the groin region. These hernias occur when the intestines push through a weak spot or tear in the lower abdominal wall, often in the inguinal canal. They are more common in men than women.

Inguinal Hernia can further be classified as Direct Inguinal Hernia and Indirect Inguinal Hernia.

  • Direct Inguinal Hernia is very common in aged people and occurs when the muscles of the abdomen become very weak and that is when the abdominal content comes out. The abdominal content usually is Omentum which is a layer of fat that is present in the abdomen. In long standing cases even the intestine can come out.


  • Indirect Inguinal Hernia is commonly seen in young male patients. This is because of persisting processus vaginalis. If that developmental sac persists then it can causes Indirect Inguinal Hernia.


  1. Femoral Hernia :

Femoral Hernia occurs in the lower groin region due to the weakness in the containing wall. They are more common in adults than in children.

  1. Incisional Hernia:

Incisional Hernia is caused by weakness of the muscles in the abdomen post any abdominal surgery. This is commonly found in females.

Most common causes of Hernia are as below:

  1. Persisting cough.
  2. Chronic Constipation.
  3. Congenital Genetic weakness of muscles.
  4. Collagen disorders.
  5. Vitamin C Deficiency.


It basically occurs like a swelling which comes out when the patient stands or coughs and later goes back on its own. It can lead to a complication if the swelling doesn’t go back which means it has got stuck and the blood supply gets obstructed. Then the hernia becomes Obstructed/Strangulated Hernia which may become life threatening and patient will need an emergency surgery. The operation involves placing a Mesh at the defect site so that the contents don’t protrude out.

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