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HYPERTENSION

hypertension

Increase in blood pressure more than 140 systolic pressure and 90 diastolic pressure constitutes Hypertension.

There are 2 types of hypertension namely Primary and Secondary Hypertension.

  1. Primary Hypertension is familial i.e. hereditary related. 90% of hypertension is Primary hypertension.
  2. Secondary Hypertension is due to renal causes, hormonal causes and cardiac causes.

Any person having hypertension more than 140/90 mmHg on three different occasions requires hypertension treatment.

In elderly patients, treatment is started when blood pressure is more than 150/90 mmHg.

Symptoms of hypertension include:

  • Acute/Chronic headache
  • Blurring of vision
  • Swelling of legs
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Giddiness
  • Anxiety
  • Palpitations

Untreated/unattended hypertension can lead to kidney failure, cardiac failure and eye related problems.

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