Slipping of one or more vertebra from the normal alignment of the spinal column is called as Spondylolisthesis. It is commonly seen in the lower lumbar region L4-L5-S1 region.
- Lifting weights in wrong posture
- Weakness of lower back muscles and ligaments
- Degenerative process
- Developmental anomalies
- Traumatic reasons like athletes
- Pathological causes
Signs and Symptoms:
Mild Spondylolisthesis may be asymptomatic.
Moderate to severe cases may complain of backache with or without neurological defects in the lower limbs.
Investigations done are X-Ray and MRI Scan.
It includes physiotherapy management along with medial management and also surgical intervention in severe cases.
Physiotherapy management includes the following:
- Ultrasound Therapy
- Inter Ferential Therapy (IFT)
- Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
- Wax therapy and Short Wave Diathermy (SWD)
- Intermittent Lumbar Traction (ILT)
- Exercise therapy which includes lordotic and antilordotic exercises
Supportive management includes:
- Bed Rest
- Wearing Lumbosacral belt
- Avoid standing/sitting for a long time
- Avoid lifting heavy objects
- Avoid two-wheeler journey
- Toning of back muscles
- Avoid manipulations