Typhoid fever is a bacterial disease caused by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi Bacteria. Typhoid fever spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who’s infected.
SYMPTOMS OF TYPHOID FEVER:
The course of untreated typhoid fever can be divided into four stages (each lasting for a week) are as mentioned below:
- First Week: In this stage the patient may experience step ladder fever, Headache, Cough, Increased Heart Rate, Weakness, Abdomen pain and constipation.
- Second week : In this stage, the patient experiences continued High fever, Diarrhea, Extremely distended abdomen and Rose spots start appearing in the body.
- Third Week: In this stage a number of life threatening complications may occur. The patient becomes delirious and is completely exhausted.
- Fourth Week: There can be improvement and the temperature falls down slowly during this week.
Treatment: Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics. The most commonly prescribed antibiotics are Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and Ceftriaxone (Rocephin).
Preventive measures to be followed are as below :
- Wash your hands properly before having food.
- Drink boiled water.
- Eat well cooked food.
- Properly wash the fruits and vegetables before eating.
Common investigations done are blood culture and Widal test.
Immunization/Vaccination: There are 2 major vaccines that can be taken namely Vivotif Berna (Live-attenuated Oral Vaccine) and TYPHIM Vi (Capsular Polysaccharide Vaccine).