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TYPHOID FEVER

typhoid-fever

Typhoid fever is a bacterial disease caused by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi Bacteria. Typhoid fever spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who’s infected.

SYMPTOMS OF TYPHOID FEVER:

The course of untreated typhoid fever can be divided into four stages (each lasting for a week) are as mentioned below:

  1. First Week: In this stage the patient may experience step ladder fever, Headache, Cough, Increased Heart Rate, Weakness, Abdomen pain and constipation.
  2.  Second week : In this stage, the patient experiences continued High fever, Diarrhea, Extremely distended abdomen and Rose spots start appearing in the body.
  3. Third Week: In this stage a number of life threatening complications may occur. The patient becomes delirious and is completely exhausted.
  4. Fourth Week: There can be improvement and the temperature falls down slowly during this week.

 

Treatment:  Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics. The most commonly prescribed antibiotics are Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and Ceftriaxone (Rocephin).

Preventive measures to be followed are as below :

  1. Wash your hands properly before having food.
  2. Drink boiled water.
  3. Eat well cooked food.
  4. Properly wash the fruits and vegetables before eating.

Common investigations done are blood culture and Widal test.

Immunization/Vaccination:  There are 2 major vaccines that can be taken namely Vivotif Berna (Live-attenuated Oral Vaccine) and TYPHIM Vi (Capsular Polysaccharide Vaccine).

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